Oman is a incredible country to visit in the Middle East. Although it is not a dangerous or risky country for tourists, it is worth taking some precautions before setting off and this includes getting the recommended vaccinations.
Before traveling to Oman, it is advisable to see a medical professional at least 8 weeks before your trip. This allows time for them to arrange your vaccinations. Some vaccines need to be delivered more than once, weeks apart, which is why it is recommended to go so many weeks in advance.
This guide will explain the vaccinations for Oman that everyone needs and those that are only recommended for certain groups.
Do You Need Vaccinations for Oman?
Yes, there are a number of recommended vaccinations for Oman. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the following vaccines:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- MMR (measles, mumps and rubella)
- Pneumonia and influenza
- TDAP (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis)
- Yellow fever
Recommended Vaccinations for all Travelers to Oman
All travelers to Oman should ensure the have had the following vaccinations, and are up-to-date, before setting off for Oman:
Measles vaccinations are necessary, many travelers will have had the MMR vaccinations during childhood. If not, the necessary doses of the measles vaccine depends on age.
6-11 months: 1 dose of the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine before travel. This does not count as the first dose of the routine childhood vaccinations.
+ 12 months (no previous doses): 2 doses of MMR vaccine before travel. They must be given at least 28 days apart.
+12 months (singular previous dose): 1 additional dose before travel,at least 28 days after the previous dose.
Travelers should make sure they are up-to-date on routine vaccinations before every trip. These vaccinations include the following:
- Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine
- Miphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (MTAP) vaccine
- Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine
- Yearly flu vaccine
Recommended Vaccinations for Most Travelers
The following vaccinations are highly-recommended as there are risks of catching these diseases in Oman.
You can catch hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in Oman. It is possible to catch it regardless of where you are staying in Oman.
You can also catch typhoid through contaminated food and water in Oman. It is especially recommended for travelers staying with friends or family, or for people staying in smaller towns and rural areas.
Recommended Vaccines for Some Travelers
Certain groups of people are at a higher risk of catching certain diseases, depending on where they are going and what they will be doing.
The risk of malaria is relatively low in Oman, however, there is still a small risk. Certain travelers, such as pregnant women, may need to take extra precautions. Antimalarial medication is an option but it often has side effects. It is recommended to see a medical professional beforehand.
Higher-risk areas of Oman include: Dakhliyah, North Batinah, and North and South Sharqiyah.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood. Travelers who are likely to have sex with a new partner, have a medical procedure, or get a tattoo or piercing should get a Hepatitis B vaccination before going to Oman.
Rabies can be found in dogs, bats, and other animals though it is not a major risk to most travelers. However, the rabies vaccine is recommended for the following groups:
- Travelers who may be in close contact with animals. This includes children, people who will spend long periods outdoors, and those on longer trips.
This is only a requirement for travelers coming from countries where yellow fever is prevalent. It may be required to present a yellow fever certificate if this is the case.
Other Requirements for Entering Oman
In addition to getting the recommended vaccinations, travelers should also make sure they have the correct documentation to enter the country, which often includes having a tourist visa.
The process has become much easier since the Oman eVisa was launched. To apply, you just need to complete the online eVisa application which only takes a few minutes. Applicants must meet the eVisa requirements to be eligible.